IN THIS SECTION
Grants in Progress and Recent Grants
- Picardal, F.W., Brassell, S.C. and Mastalerz, M. Collaborative Research: Biogenic Methanogenesis and Biodegradation of Organic Matter in Coals NSF; 8/2014-7/2016
Recent Grants Received:
- REE-SiO2 systematics for distinguishing a fractional crystallization versus crustal melting origin for intra-oceanic silicic melts: acombined experimental and field investigation; Brophy, J PI; NSF
Recent Grants Received:
- Enhancing Learning of Science Categories Through Guidance of Psychological Models of Classification Douglas, B. PI NSF 2015-2018.
- Collaborative Research: Geodesy curriculum for the 21st century – innovative science for addressing societally critical issues. Douglas, B. PI NSF 2013-2016.
Grants in Progress:
- Modeling the size and shape of deltaic sand bodies. ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company, D. Edmonds PI. 2014-2016.
- Collaborative Research: Sustainability of Deltaic Coastlines - The Trillion Dollar Problem.National Science Foundation, D. Edmonds, PI plus 7 other collaborators. 2015-2019.
- Coastal SEES Collaborative Research: Sustainability of Deltaic Coasts - The Trillion Dollar Problem. National Science Foundation D. Edmonds, PI. 2014-2018.
- A theoretical and field-based study on the origin and shape of fluvial levees. American Chemical Society. D. Edmonds, PI, 2014-2018.
- FESD Type I: A Delta Dynamics Collaboratory. University of Texas at Austin. D. Edmonds, PI, 2012-2017.
- Infrastructure upgrade, curation and data basing of Indiana University Collections; PIs Scheiber (Anthro), Polly, Johnson and Elswick.
- NSF Collaborative Research: Structure and Dynamics of the North American Craton - An EarthScope Swath from the Ozarks to the Grenville Front (Gary Pavlis, PI), Collaborative project with University of Illinois, Purdue University, and Illinois and Indiana state geological surveys.
- NSF Subduction Zone Coupling and Strain Partitioning in the Philippine Plate Boundary Zone (Kaj Johnson, co-PI).
- USGS Development of a Globally Applicable Model for Near Real-time Prediction of Seismically Induced Landslides (Collaboration with David Wald, US Geological Survey).
- USGS Microseismicity in the Ste. Genevieve, Wabash Valley and Rough Creek seismic zones using EarthScope FlexArray data: Implications for earthquake hazards (Collaborative research between Indiana University, Purdue University, and University of Kentucky).
Grants in Progress:
- Rockhouse Hollow rock shelter field work.; Herrmann, E.W. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, 2014-2018.
- Individual Research Award, Institute for Advanced Study; Johnson, C.C., Institute for Advanced Study. 2014-2016.
- Beyond elastic rebound: extracting permanent strain from interseismic deformation; Johnson, K. PI, National Science Foundation 2015-2017
- Intraplate metallogeny of China Chinese Academy of Science C. Li, Co-Investigator. 2013-2017.
- NSF: Assessing the role of crustal S contamination in the generation of PGE mineralization in the Stillwater Complex, Montana: A multiple S and Re-Os isotopic study (with EM Ripley) 2013-2016.
- Fluid composition constraints on the genesis of Fe-Ti oxide ore deposits in the Emeishan Large Igneous Province, SW China NSF of China C. Li Co-I 2015-2018.
- National Science Foundation (PI). Collaborative Research: An Examination of Behavioral and Biological Change in an Extended Chronological Context (2016-2019).
- Wenner-Gren Foundation (PI). East African Association of Paleoanthropology and Paleontology (EAAPP), 2017.
- European Research Council (283366) (Co-PI). The Origins of the Acheulean in Eastern Africa-ORACEAF (2012-2016).
- Wenner-Gren Foundation (PI). Fifty Years after Homo habilis. East African Association of Paleoanthropology and Paleontology (EAAPP), 2015.
- National Science Foundation, BCS 1025263 (Co-I). Vertebrate Paleontology at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania (2011-2013).
- British Academy - International Partnership (Co-PI). The Early Acheulian in Olduvai Gorge (2010-2012).
Grants In Progress:
- National Science Foundation Research Grant EAR-1338298. 2013-2017. ELT Collaborative Research: Bayesian Paleoclimate Proxies – Transforming the Vertebrate Fossil Record. P.D. Polly (PI), K. M. Johnson, S. C. Brassell, and A. Schimmelmann (co-PIs), J. J. Head (Collaborative PI, U. Nebraska).
This project transforms the vertebrate fossil record into a statistical paleoenvironmental proxy to study climate driven Earth-life transitions during the Miocene. We develop a probabilistic proxy that links functional anatomical traits in mammals and reptiles to temperature, precipitation, and vegetation cover. Our trait-based approach is taxon-free, which allows us to extend our method through time to the mid-continental Miocene of North America. The Miocene is a crucial interval for inferring paleoclimate because it included episodes of global climate change and floral transitions at estimated maximum pCO2 levels similar to those forecast for the next century. Regional-scale Miocene climates are poorly-known compared to global patterns, and previous proxy-based studies at regional scales have produced conflicting paleoenvironmental estimates. Our approach uses a Bayesian framework that allows us to explicitly test our new vertebrate proxies against independent pedogenic and paleobotanical evidence, and applies statistical probabilities to different paleoclimate estimates. Furthermore, it allows us to build fauna-wide ensemble forecasts that combine the predictive strengths of ectotherms (reptiles), which are linked to climate directly through their physiology and indirectly through their ecological interactions, and endotherms (mammals), which are buffered from temperature, but which often have dietary specializations for specific vegetation types.
Our objectives are:
- 1) assemble a database of functional traits from Miocene vertebrate fossils at the local assemblage and biocenosis scale in the central Great Plains based on the extensive fossil collections of the Nebraska State Museum and biomolecular proxy data from select fossil localities
- 2) develop Bayesian probabilistic climate spaces from sampled traits in modern faunas;
- 3) use the trait-climate spaces to estimate Miocene paleoenvironment and test for consilience between vertebrate estimates and independent proxies;
- 4) use the trait-based proxy results to test competing hypotheses of mid-continental floral composition and to determine the extent of coupling between global climate change and local environments during episodes of warming and cooling.
Grants In Progress:
- NSF: Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of country rock-hosted massive sulfide mineralization associated with mafic rock-related Cu-Ni-PGE deposits. E.M. Ripley PI 2015-2018.
- NSF: Assessing the role of crustal S contamination in the generation of PGE mineralization in the Stillwater Complex, Montana: A multiple S and Re-Os isotopic study. 2013-2016.
- USGS: Cu and Re/Os isotopic Systematics of Ni-Cu-GPE Sulfide Mineralization in the Duluth Complex, the Tamarack deposit and the Eagle deposit, Mid-continent Rift System, Minnesota and Michigan. 2014-2016.
- Stillwater Mining Company: Research on the genesis of PGE mineralization in the Stillwater Complex, Montana. 2013-2017.
- Hydrogen stable isotope ratios of amino acids: Method development and a test of basic principles; Sauer, P PI. NSF 2013-2013
- Shale Gas: Geochemical and Physical Constraints on Genesis, Storage, and Producibility. Department of Energy 2014-2016.
- MAHLI - Mars HandLens Imager for the Mars Science Laboratory; Co-I with Ken Edgett of Malin Space Science Systems; NASA; 2015-2016.
- Cooperative Agreement between IU and StatOil for Shale Research support. StatOil 2014-2016.
- Cooperative agreement between IU and ConocoPhillips for Shale research support Schieber, J. PI. ConocoPhillips 2013-2016
- Cooperative agreement between IU and Shell International E&P for Shale Research support Schieber, J. PI Shell International Exploration Production, Inc. 2014-2017
- Shale gas: Geochemical and physical constraints on genesis, storage, and producibility. U.S. Department of Energy, Basic Energy Sciences, Grant No. DE-FG02-11ER16246, 2011–2016. PIs:Schimmelmann A, Mastalerz M, Schieber J.
- ELT Collaborative Research: Bayesian Paleoclimate Proxies – Transforming the Vertebrate Fossil Record. National Science Foundation Research Grant EAR-1338298. P.D. Polly (PI), K. M. Johnson, S. C. Brassell, and A. Schimmelmann (co-PIs), J. J. Head (Collaborative PI, U. Nebraska) 2013-2017.
Grants In Progress:
- Collaborative Research: Quantifying Paleotopography and Paleoclimate to Test Geodynamic Models in the Peruvian Andes. National Science Foundation 2016-2019 (co-PI).
- Quantifying Rock Strength from River Channel Morphology DoD-ARO 2015-2018. (PI).
- Linking erosional and climatic processes in regions of active mountain building. National Science Foundation 2013-2016 (PI). No-cost extension through 2017.
- Idaho EPSCOR MILES: Quantifying the history of sediment supply to Fernan Lake. Science-I 2015-2016
- A New Approach to Experimental Determination of Coupled Silicate Dissolution- Precipitation Reaction Rates at Ambient Conditions with SI Isotope Spikes; Zhu, C PI, NSF.